3rd Infocom Security Albania 2017
Cyber Dilemmas in The New Millenium
Digital technologies have been gradually transforming the society in many ways. The range and consequences of these expected changes are considered worldwide to be the second most important revolution, following the industrial one.
Albania is embracing this digital revolution by creating new opportunities for citizens and business to benefit. In this context, the Albanian Government has taken a strong commitment towards supporting and promoting digital initiatives as a powerful tool that leads to modernized governance, increased know-how for a society that is more open, and a sustainable economic development for its citizens.
Access to cyberspace along with its positive elements increases the potential risk of damage or misuse of data and computer systems. As a result of the growing cyber threats, ensuring data integrity, confidentiality and secure access to cyberspace have become one of the greatest challenges faced by our society.For boosting confidence in information technologies and encourage the use of advanced and secure ICT, it is extremely important to make legal changes to adapt existing relations between public and private sector and to provide adequate protection for the users.
In this framework, National Authority on Electronic Certification and Cyber Security (NAECCS) has been working on the first law on Cyber Security, which has been approved on January 2017 and aims to achieve a high level of cyber security by defining security measures, rights, obligations and mutual co-operation between entities operation in the cyber security field.
NAECCS coordinates its activities with security and defense institutions and cooperates with sectoral CSIRTs and international authorities in the field of cyber security through joint agreements in accordance with the legislation in force. Also NAECCS is the national focal point for responsible operators in the field of cyber security and co-ordinates work for solving cyber security incidents. National structures related to cyber security are interacting with each other for achieving a safer online environment for citizens, business and government, leading and coordinated by NAECCS.
Albania has adopted an action plan for the protection of children’s rights (DCM No. 182/2012). This document also foresees a few activities for the online protection of children. Pursuant to this plan, in February 2013 the largest electronic communications companies in Albania and the IT association company, AITA signed the Code of Conduct, as a self-regulatory practice. Upon the signing of this code the companies engaged in delivering technical filtration techniques and parental advice for the protection of children and young people from the illegal and harmful electronic communications. In the last few years Albania has periodically carried out awareness activities for a safer internet, as well as activities on the international day of Safer Internet.
Also, Albania is part of the Global Alliance against the Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Internet, established on December 5, 2012. The alliance countries have agreed to work in achieving four objectives: Increase the efforts for the identification of victims and ensuring that they will receive the necessary assistance, support and protection; Increase the efforts in investigating the sexual exploitation cases against children on the internet and identify and prosecute persons violating the law; Increase the awareness of children, parents, educators and the community in general in relation to the dangers; Reduce the availability of child pornography on the internet and victimization of children. In this framework was signed the MoU on 09.02.2016 with four ministries of the line to increase the security of children in Albania during their navigation on the Internet.
The approach to collaboration and exchange of information is reflected in the legislation in force, and it emphasizes the cooperation with national and international organizations in the field of cyber security. “Policy Paper on Cyber Security 2015-2017” is the first policy paper on the field of cyber security and it emphasizes “Strengthening the partnership with other counterpart structures inside and outside the country”, underlining the importance of further development of co-operation. Coordination and cooperation of all the actors is the basic element to ensure success. Due to the dynamics and speed of the development of ICT, the cooperation with the private sector will be strengthened. The security could be increased and the ICT in the public administration could be further developed in consistence with the developments and trends of technology. Some of the areas highlighted in this objective are:
- a) The increase of cooperation and coordination between the public institutions will be strengthened in order to ensure the interaction and coordination of security and minimizing the damages from cyber-attacks.
- b) The Albanian Government will support and take the necessary encouraging measures to strengthen the cooperation with the private sector regarding exchange of information on the vulnerabilities of ICT products and technologies, the new types of attacks, institutionalization of relations, developing plans of measures and coordinated actions and the mutual exchange of information regarding cyber-attacks.
- c) The increase of cooperation with academia will be encouraged and supported. The Exchange of information, analyses, experiences, developing joint projects and assessing security technologies and systems are considered not only as an opportunity to increase the cyber security in public institutions, but also as an investment for the development and boosting the capacities for the coming generations.
- d) Albania supports and will be part of international initiatives, which aim at increasing and strengthening the security. The cooperation will be strengthened especially with NATO and EU, be becoming an active member of the joint initiatives for cyber security. The membership of Albania in the well-known international cyber security organizations and associations and the increase of cooperation is a priority.
Albania has also harmonized the legislation on cybercrime with the European Council Convention on Cyber Crime (ETS No.185). The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime was incorporated into national law in Albania in 2008. Albania aims at the Budapest Convention being used as the global framework for the measures against information network crimes. The cybercrime legislation under the Penal Code was set in order to be further aligned with the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime ETS no.185 general principles, and also aligned with NATO standards and modernization principles. In 2004, Albania ratified the “Additional Protocol of the Cyber Crime Convention, for the penalization of racial and xenophobic natured acts carried out via computer systems” (ETS No. 189) and in 2008 there were amendments of the Criminal Code to also include provisions of cybercrime.Focusing on cyber security, our challenge is consolidation of digital infrastructure as an inalienable and indispensable instrument to fight corruption and rapidly increase the public services quality.
Prepared by Klorenta Janushi
Specialist | Cyber Security Directory
National Authority for Electronic Certification & Cyber Security